If you are an active investor in a U.S. enterprise in which you are investing at least $1 million (US), or $500,000 (US) in certain special locations, and the enterprise creates a certain number of jobs, then you may be able to obtain U.S. Permanent Residency under the EB-5 category.
If you qualify for EB-5 status, it can be an advantageous category for obtaining U.S. Permanent Residency because you can self-petition, the priority date is usually current, and you can obtain Conditional Resident status upon filing the EB-5 petition and making the initial showing, thereby often avoiding the necessity of obtaining some type of temporary status while waiting for the Permanent Residency Status. The major disadvantage is the amount of money which must be invested, and the number of jobs which must be created. As a result, some individuals who are from countries which have E visa treaties with the U.S. choose to obtain temporary E visas which they renew indefinitely.
Under U.S. immigration law, 10,000 immigrant visas per year are available to qualified individuals seeking permanent resident status on the basis of their investing in a commercial enterprise. This is known as the "EB-5" category.
Permanent resident status based on EB-5 eligibility is available to investors, either alone or coming with their spouse and unmarried children. Eligible foreign nationals are those who have invested -- or are actively in the process of investing -- the required amount of capital into a new commercial enterprise that they have established. They must further demonstrate that this investment will benefit the United States economy and create the requisite number of full-time jobs for qualified persons within the United States.
Upon filing EB-5 and making the initial showing, the foreign national first obtains Conditional Resident status, and the only at the end of the process does the foreign national obtain Permanent Resident status, if the petition is successful.