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PERM

Does the job location address need to be included in the advertisement?

According to the Labor Department:

No, the address does not need to be included. However, advertisements must indicate the geographic area of employment with enough specificity to apprise applicants of any travel requirements and where applicants will likely have to reside to perform the job opportunity. Employers are not required to specify the job site, unless the job site is unclear; for example, if applicants must respond to a location other than the job site (e.g., company headquarters in another state) or if the employer has multiple job sites.

PERM

PERM is the new Labor Certification for the Permanent Employment of Aliens in the U.S. 

Having more than one labor certification application actively in process for the same alien for the same job opportunity

Under PERM, is it permissible for an employer to have more than one labor certification application actively in process for the same alien for the same job opportunity at any given time? What should an employer do if it has already filed multiple applications for the same alien for the same job opportunity?

According to the Labor Department:

Under the old and new permanent labor certification regulations, DOL certifies that there are not available U.S. workers for a particular "job opportunity." See, e.g., 20 CFR 656.10(c) (new PERM regulation) and 656.20(c) (prior regulation). DOL's longstanding policy has been that an employer is not prohibited from filing applications for the same alien involving different, legitimate job openings to which U.S. workers may be referred. See, e.g., Field Memorandum 48-94 (May 16, 1994) (Policy Guidance on Alien Labor Certification Issues at § 6). However, DOL has not processed or certified multiple labor certifications for the same alien and same job opportunity on grounds that the additional applications cannot represent a bona fide different job opportunity available to U.S. workers.

What is the effective date of the new Labor Certification for the Permanent Employment of Aliens in the US, or PERM, regulation?

According to the Labor Department:

The PERM regulation is effective March 28, 2005, and applies to labor certification applications for the permanent employment of aliens filed on or after that date.

Must all recruitment take place at least 30 days, but no more than 180 days prior to filing?

According to the Labor Department:

No, while the majority of the recruitment must take place within the 30 - 180 day timeframe, one of the three additional steps required for professional occupations may consist solely of activity which takes place within 30 days of filing. However, none of the steps may take place more than 180 days prior to filing the application.

Should an employer withdraw an earlier application and refile under PERM?

According to the Labor Department:

The Department of Labor does not provide counsel as to questions of this nature. However, employers are reminded refiled labor certification applications must conform to the provisions of the PERM regulation.

Is it possible to provide more specific guidelines for drafting PERM advertisements?

Is it possible to provide more specific guidelines for drafting PERM advertisements? For example, where there are multiple openings for the job offered which of the following, if not all, would be acceptable: "5 Attorneys," "Attorneys" or "Attorneys, multiple openings"?

According to the Labor Department:

As stated in the advertising requirements provision, the advertisement must provide a description of the vacancy specific enough to apprise U.S. workers of the job opportunity for which certification is sought. At issue in evaluating whether the advertisement meets this criterion is whether the advertisement is written to attract the interest of the greatest number of qualified U.S. workers and encourage them to apply, not whether specific words or phases have, or have not, been used. The advertisement will be reviewed to ensure that it reasonably describes the vacancy and reflects the job opportunity as described on the ETA Form 9089. With respect to the examples, any one of the three can be used as long as it is specific enough, under the circumstances, to apprise U.S. workers of the job opportunity. In any event, if employers feel it necessary, employers may always include more detail.

What forms or documents must the employer include in an application?

According to the Labor Department:

The employer must file a completed Application for Permanent Employment Certification, ETA Form 9089.

Except as required for applications filed under § 656.5, Schedule A, supporting documentation need not be filed with the application, but the employer must provide the required supporting documentation if the employer's application is selected for audit or if the Certifying Officer otherwise requests it.

Nurses, Physical Therapists, or Aliens of Exceptional Ability, have a FAST TRACK to a green card

Under "Schedule A", these qualified individuals are deemed to be "pre-certified" and do not have to undergo the Labor Certification procedure (which is often quite lengthy).

Will the National Processing Centers issue confirmations of receipt for mail-in applications?

According to the Labor Department:

No, the National Processing Centers will not issue confirmations of receipt for mail-in applications. If the employer wishes to maintain a record of having mailed the application, it is recommended that a mail service which provides such documentation be used.

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Search for H1B Visa Employers

You can search for "H1B Visa Employers" using this database, which was compiled by Antao & Chuang, Attorneys at Law from government sources. This database identifies those U.S. employers who have filed for H-1B visas in the past, or who have at least started the process by filing for the LCA. If you find an employer you are interested in, you can then contact them to inquire as to whether they have any current job openings in your field. Please tell your friends about this valuable resource.

Use this form to search for H1B Visa employers.

"FMG Friendly" Employers

Foreign Medical Graduates ("FMGs") should be aware that there are "FMG Friendly" employers, and "FMG Unfriendly" employers. This database (compiled by Antao & Chuang, Attorneys at Law from government sources) identifies those U.S. employers who have filed for H-1B visas for foreign medical graduates in the past (or at least started the process by filing for the LCA), and who can therefore be deemed "FMG Friendly". Please tell your colleagues about this valuable resource.

Use this form to search for "FMG Friendly" employers in a given state.

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