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PERM

Why did the prevailing wage two tier skill level structure change to four levels?

According to the Labor Department:

Congress enacted the Consolidated Appropriations Act of 2005 amending the Immigration and Naturalization Act (Section 212(p), 8 U.S.C. 1182(p)) to provide:

"Where the Secretary of Labor uses, or makes available to employers, a governmental survey to determine the prevailing wage, such survey shall provide at least 4 levels of wages commensurate with experience, education, and the level of supervision. Where an existing government survey has only 2 levels, 2 intermediate levels may be created by dividing by 3, the difference between the two levels offered, adding the quotient thus obtained to the first level and subtracting that quotient from the second level."

Must the employer wait to receive confirmation of withdrawal from a Backlog Elimination Center (BEC) prior to refiling?

Must the employer wait to receive confirmation of withdrawal from a Backlog Elimination Center (BEC) prior to refiling an application?

According to the Labor Department:

No, the employer does not need to wait to receive confirmation of withdrawal prior to refiling an application.

What form is used to file an application for a labor certification for Schedule A occupations?

According to the Labor Department:

The employer must use an Application for Permanent Employment Certification, ETA Form 9089, which includes a prevailing wage determination.

If filing an application under Schedule A, must an employer provide notice of filing?

According to the Labor Department:

Yes, an employer must comply with the posting requirement in § 656.10(d) to file applications under Schedule A with the appropriate Department of Homeland Security office.

Are any PERM regulation provisions applicable to applications filed under the regulation in effect prior to March 28, 2005?

According to the Labor Department:

No, while many provisions in the PERM regulation are the same as, or similar to, the provisions found in the regulation in effect prior to March 28, 2005, the PERM regulation can not be applied to applications filed under the former regulation. At this point, all provisions of the PERM regulation are applicable only to applications filed on or after March 28, 2005, under the PERM regulation.

When does the four wage level provision go into effect?

According to the Labor Department:

The four wage level provision goes into effect on March 8, 2005, as does the requirement to pay 100% of the prevailing wage.

When must the advertisement for the job opportunity be placed in the national professional journal?

When must the advertisement for the job opportunity be placed in the national professional journal under the optional special recruitment provision?

According to the Labor Department:

The national professional journal advertisement for the job opportunity as required under the optional special recruitment provision must have been placed during the recruitment period prior to the selection of alien.

How will RIR and TR priority be handled over PERM cases?

According to the Labor Department:

Backlogged cases will be processed in Philadelphia and Dallas. PERM cases will be processed in Chicago and Atlanta.

Procedure for requesting a Duplicate Labor Certificate. ETA-9089.

According to the Labor Department:

Requests for a duplicate ETA-9089 can be initiated by the petitioner by contacting the Department of Labor or by requesting that CIS assist with obtaining a duplicate labor certificate ETA-9089 from DOL. The following steps are suggested when requesting a duplicate ETA-9089 through USCIS. Please include on the top of the I-140, Petition for Alien Immigrant Worker, a cover sheet (preferably highlighted with colored paper) stating the following:

LOST OR MISPLACED LABOR CERTIFICATION, REQUEST FOR DUPLICATE, DO NOT REJECT

On the same sheet, the following information should also be included:

  1. Attorney name;
  2. Petitioner's name;
  3. Beneficiary's name;
  4. ETA case number;
  5. Priority Date;
  6. Specify whether you want USCIS to initiate the request for duplicate certificate ETA-9089 or you have contacted DOL to initiate the request for duplicate;
  7. Proper fee, signature and all required supporting documents;
  8. A print screen showing that the case has been certified.
  9. Provide the reason(s) for requesting that the Service Center secure a duplicate, approved labor certificate from DOL, e.g. "Case was certified, original approved labor certificate was never received in the mail."

Once the duplicate certificate ETA-9089 is received by USCIS, the petitioner and/or his representative will be contacted via a Request For Evidence (RFE) notice in order to secure the petitioner's signature on the duplicate certificate. The certificate must be signed by the petitioner before USCIS can accept it for filing purposes.

What is considered an acceptable newspaper and/or acceptable journal and is there a published list?

According to the Labor Department:

There is no published list of acceptable publications.

Most employers, based on their normal recruiting efforts, will be able to readily identify those newspapers (or journals for certain professional positions) that are most likely to bring responses from able, willing, qualified, and available U.S. workers. The employer must be able to document that the newspaper and/or journal chosen is the most appropriate to the occupation and the workers likely to apply for the job opportunity.

NOTE: In the case of a rural area where there is no newspaper with a Sunday edition and the employer chooses to use the edition having the widest circulation, the employer must be able to document the edition chosen does, in fact, have the widest circulation.

Where I can email my questions?

According to the Labor Department:

There are three locations where you may send your questions, depending upon the type of question asked.

  • If you have a technical question (for example, if you forgot your password), then please email those questions to plc.help@dol.gov.
  • If you have a program specific question (for example, if you have a question concerning the content of an advertisement) or a policy question, then please email your questions to one of the appropriate National Processing Centers at

    The appropriate National Processing Center depends upon the state in which you are located.

Please note: Questions should no longer be e-mailed to perm.dflc@dol.gov.

Is the employer permitted to use a valid prevailing wage determination issued prior to March 8, 2005?

According to the Labor Department:

Yes, but only if the wage source used to make the determination was one other than the wage component of the Occupational Employment Statistics (OES), i.e., an employer-provided survey, a McNamara-O'Hara Service Contract Act or Davis-Bacon Act wage, or a Collective Bargaining Agreement wage. To apply under PERM, those employers using the OES must obtain a prevailing wage determination after March 8, 2005.

NOTE: In all labor certification applications filed (postmarked or electronically dated) on or after March 8, 2005, the wage offer must be 100% of the prevailing wage determination and, if the OES is used to make the prevailing wage determination, the determination must be based on the four wage level provision.

If an application for a Schedule A college or university teacher is denied, is the employer permitted to file for a labor ...

If an application for a Schedule A college or university teacher is denied, is the employer permitted to file for a labor certification under § 656.17?

According to the Labor Department:

Yes, the employer may file an application previously denied under Schedule A for a college or university teacher either under the provision for optional special recruitment and documentation procedures for college and university teachers, § 656.18, or under the provision for the basic process, § 656.17.

If Schedule B under the regulation in effect prior to March 28, 2005, has been eliminated and there is no longer a waiver...

If Schedule B under the regulation in effect prior to March 28, 2005, has been eliminated and there is no longer a waiver provision for those occupations listed in Schedule B such as household domestic service workers, bookkeepers, laborers, etc., does that mean employers are not permitted to obtain a labor certification for those occupations?

According to the Labor Department:

No, the elimination of the former regulation's Schedule B and its waiver provision does not prevent employers from seeking labor certifications for the occupations listed in Schedule B. To the contrary, employers are free to file applications under the provisions of PERM, as appropriate, for occupations found in the former regulation's Schedule B and are not required to obtain a waiver in order to do so.

When does the Department of Labor consider a request for review to be pending with the Board of Labor Certification Appeals ...

When does the Department of Labor consider a request for review to be pending with the Board of Labor Certification Appeals (BALCA) and how will the Department process such appeals?

According to the Labor Department:

The Department of Labor considers a request for review to be pending with BALCA under 20 CFR 656.24(e)(6) at the time either a request for BALCA review or a request for reconsideration is submitted to the Certifying Officer.

Is there a time limitation for revocations?

According to the Labor Department:

No, a time limit has not been imposed on the authority of Certifying Officers to revoke labor certifications.

Does a prevailing wage determination expire?

According to the Labor Department:

Yes, a prevailing wage determination has a limited validity period as specified by the State Workforce Agency (SWA), which may range from no less than 90 days to no more than one year from the determination date.

NOTE: To use a SWA prevailing wage determination, the employer must file its application or begin the recruitment required within the validity period specified by the SWA.

Must a prevailing wage determination be obtained from the State Workforce Agency (SWA) even if...

Must a prevailing wage determination be obtained from the State Workforce Agency (SWA) even if the employer is filing an application under the optional recruitment for college and university teachers and/or Schedule A provisions?

According to the Labor Department:

Yes, a prevailing wage determination must be obtained from the SWA even if the employer is filing an application under the optional recruitment for college and university teachers and/or the Schedule A provisions.

Is the employer permitted to accept an equivalent foreign degree?

According to the Labor Department:

Yes, the employer may accept an equivalent foreign degree. However, the employer's willingness to do so must be clearly stated on the Application for Permanent Employment Certification, ETA Form 9089.

Is the employer permitted to request a review by the Certifying Officer of a State Workforce Agency (SWA) prevailing wage ...

Is the employer permitted to request a review by the Certifying Officer of a State Workforce Agency (SWA) prevailing wage determination?

According to the Labor Department:

Yes, the employer may request a review by the Certifying Officer of a SWA prevailing wage determination by sending a request for review to the SWA that issued the prevailing wage determination within 30 days of the date of the determination

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