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PERM

Will the job opportunity on the original and refiled application not be considered identical

Will the job opportunity on the original and refiled application not be considered identical if, for instance, the prevailing wage has changed?

According to the Labor Department:

No, having a different prevailing wage on the refiled application from that on the original will not impact whether or not the job opportunity is identical. For a job opportunity to be identical, the regulation requires that the employer (including address), alien, job title, job location, job requirements, and job description be identical in both the original and refiled applications. It is quite possible that the prevailing wage in the new application, which must be filed in accordance with the PERM regulations and which must evidence a current prevailing wage, will not be the same as the prevailing wage in the original application.

As of March 28, 2005, will all previously filed labor certification applications be converted and/or processed under PERM?

According to the Labor Department:

No, labor certification applications filed prior to March 28, 2005, will not be automatically converted and/or processed under PERM. Applications filed under the regulation in effect prior to March 28, 2005, will continue to be processed at the appropriate Backlog Processing Center under the rule in effect at the time of filing. As of March 28, 2005, applications (Form 750) will no longer be accepted under the regulation in effect prior to March 28, 2005, and instead new applications (Form 9089) will need to be filed under PERM at the appropriate National Processing Center. Only if an employer chooses to withdraw an earlier application and refile the application for the identical job opportunity under the refile provisions of PERM will a previously filed application be processed under the PERM regulation.

Certifying Officer Review And Board Of Alien Labor Certification Appeals (BALCA)

Certifying Officer Review And Board Of Alien Labor Certification Appeals (BALCA)

Listing and explanation of the status indicators that appear on the website for electronically filed applications

For electronically filed applications, please provide a listing, and explanation, of the status indicators that appear on the website.

According to the Labor Department:

The status indicators for an application filed on-line are as follows:

Incomplete
A case number preceded by a "T" indicates that the application has not been formally "filed" by the employer or its agent, i.e., electronically submitted, and is still a temporary draft. When an application is electronically submitted to a National Processing Center, the "T" changes to either a "C" or "A" depending on whether the application is submitted to the Chicago or Atlanta National Processing Center, respectively.
In process
An "in process" status indicates the application is in the process of moving through the DOL's certification process. If the application is in a stage of review requiring further information/documentation from the employer, the employer will be notified.

Must the ten consecutive business days posting of the notice of filing timeframe end at least 30 days prior to filing?

According to the Labor Department:

Yes, the last day of the posting must fall at least 30 days prior to filing in order to provide sufficient time for interested persons to submit, if they so choose, documentary evidence bearing on the application.

Can a parent company create sub-accounts for each subsidiary to assume responsibility for its own filings?

If a parent entity wishes to centralize administration/control over PERM filings of its subsidiaries having different FEINs, can the parent company create sub-accounts for each subsidiary and then permit each subsidiary to assume responsibility for its own filings?

According to the Labor Department:

No, a parent company can not create sub-accounts for subsidiaries having FEINs different from that of the parent company in order to centralize administration and control. When an application is being completed using a sub-account, employer information from the main account, including FEIN and address, is automatically populated into the application and that information can not physically be changed or altered.

How must the employer save and/or store the documentation necessary to support a labor certification application?

According to the Labor Department:

No one method for saving and/or storing necessary documents is prescribed, nor is any particular method proscribed. The burden of establishing the validity of any documentation provided in support of a labor certification application rests with the employer. In establishing a method by which to save/store supporting documentation, the employer must remember that the responsibility for producing valid and defensible documentation in the event it is requested by a Certifying Officer rests solely with the employer. Such documentation must be retained by the employer for five years from the date of filing

Must the employer place a job order with the State Workforce Agency (SWA) or will a job order placed on AJB be sufficient?

Must the employer place a job order with the State Workforce Agency (SWA) or will a job order placed on America's Job Bank (AJB) be sufficient?

According to the Labor Department:

The employer is required to place a job order with the SWA serving the area of intended employment. It is recognized that states vary in their job order placement procedures and that some may, in fact, place job orders on AJB, in which case, as long as the employer is working through the SWA, a job order placed on AJB would be sufficient.

NOTE: The employer is free to choose AJB as a means of satisfying one of the three additional steps required under professional occupations recruitment if the posting on AJB is not being used to satisfy the job order requirement.

Household Domestic Service Workers, Bookkeepers, Laborers, etc.

Household Domestic Service Workers, Bookkeepers, Laborers, etc.

Can mailing in a labor certification application prove more successful than electronically submitting an application on-line?

Are there any circumstances under which mailing in a labor certification application would prove more successful than electronically submitting an application on-line?

According to the Labor Department:

No, mailing in an application will not prove more successful, as the mailed-in application, upon receipt at the National Processing Center, is date stamped. Until the application is data entered into the system by a data entry person (using the exact information shown on the ETA Form 9089), processing will not begin on the application. Once entered in the system, the mailed-in application receives the exact same automated analysis and manual scrutiny as an application submitted electronically. If there are two identical applications, one submitted electronically and one mailed-in, there will be no difference in how they are processed. The only difference will be in processing time; a mailed-in application will take longer, as not only mailing but also the data entry time will be involved. Remember: the on-line system will identify mistakes (e.g. entering four digits for a zip code instead of five digits) before allowing the application to be submitted, but the data entry person must enter the information exactly as shown on the application; a mistake on the form may trigger an audit or denial.

What provisions have changed in the new system?

According to the Labor Department:

This is a brief list of some of the changes; they are covered in greater detail in the particular topic areas below.

  • Filing: Employers have the option of submitting the new form, the Application for Permanent Employment Certification, ETA Form 9089, electronically directly to a National Processing Center.
  • Filing: Supporting documentation is not submitted with the application.
  • Filing: Employers file applications directly with the U.S. Department of Labor and not with a State Workforce Agency (SWA).
  • Refiling: An employer may, at any time, withdraw an application filed under the regulation in effect prior to March 28, 2005, refile under PERM, and maintain the original filing date if the new application complies with the new regulation, the application is identical to the original application, and a job order has not been placed by the SWA for the original application.
  • Prevailing Wage: The offered wage must be equal to or greater than the prevailing wage. The wage must be at least 100% of the prevailing wage; the 5% deviation is no longer acceptable.
  • Prevailing Wage:Where an acceptable employer-provided survey provides a median and does not provide an arithmetic mean, the median will be used as the prevailing wage.
  • Prevailing Wage: The prevailing wage validity period will vary from no less than 90 days to no greater than one year depending on the wage source used.
  • Notice of Filing: A notice of filing must be posted in specific locations for ten consecutive business days rather than merely ten days.
  • Recruitment: The employer is required to conduct recruitment (more than 30 days and less than 180 days) prior to filing.

How does the employer file an application electronically?

According to the Labor Department:

The employer can access a customer-friendly web site (http://www.plc.doleta.gov) and, after registering and establishing an account, electronically fill out and submit an Application for Permanent Employment Certification, ETA Form 9089.

NOTE: Additional information regarding personal identifiers will follow.

NOTE: The web site also provides an option to permit employers that frequently file permanent applications to set up secure files within the ETA electronic filing system containing information common to any permanent application the employer files. Under this option, each time an employer files an ETA Form 9089, the information common to all of its applications, e.g., employer name, address, etc., will be entered automatically and the employer will only need to enter the data specific to the application at hand.

When is PERM effective and must the employer wait until the effective date to begin recruitment?

According to the Labor Department:

PERM is effective March 28, 2005, and will apply to all applications filed on or after the effective date.

If all applicable provisions including timeframes of the regulation have been satisfied, an application may be filed under the PERM regulation on or after the effective date. Required timeframe provisions include, among others: that recruitment be conducted at least 30 days, but no more than 180 days, prior to filing under § 656.17; that filing must be within 18 months after selection under § 656.18; and that notice of filing be provided between 30 and 180 days prior to filing under § 656.10.

Must the notice of filing contain the rate of pay for an application filed on behalf of a college or university teacher?

Must the notice of filing contain the rate of pay for an application filed on behalf of a college or university teacher selected in a competitive selection and recruitment process?

According to the Labor Department:

No, a rate of pay does not need to be included in a notice of filing for an application filed on behalf of a college or university teacher selected in a competitive selection and recruitment process. However, the notice of filing must include the required advertisement information in § 656.18(b)(3), i.e., the job title, duties, and requirements as well as the information specified in § 656.10(d)(3).

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